Orthodontic treatment is a great way to improve your smile and oral health, but it is important to be aware of the risks associated with it. The risks of orthodontic treatment can range from periodontal damage to pain, root resorption, devitalization of the teeth, temporomandibular disorder, tooth decay, speech problems, and enamel damage. These risks arise from a combination of treatment and patient factors. It is essential to have an extremely high level of oral hygiene before and during orthodontic treatment in order to minimize the risk of any complications.
It is also important to treat any carious lesions before starting any active treatment. Root resorption is a common complication during orthodontic treatment, but it is believed that once the appliances are removed, this resorption stops. Soft tissue damage can be caused by wire arches or helmets used in treatment. It is essential that appropriate safety measures are taken when using these types of treatments.
When wearing braces, it can be difficult to clean the areas of the teeth and gums that are near or below the wire arches and braces. This can lead to food particles getting trapped in these areas and allowing dental plaque to build up, increasing the risk of tooth decay and gum disease. Allergic reactions to some materials used in orthopedic appliances can occur rarely. Latex is the most common allergic reaction, but metal can also affect the inside of the mouth. If you have allergies, it is important to inform your provider right away.
Materials that do not cause possible allergic reactions should be used instead. If any of these problems arise, your orthodontist can prescribe appropriate treatment to reduce pain and irritation and help heal tender spots.
X-Rays During Orthodontic TreatmentMany orthodontists take initial, intermediate, and final x-rays of treatment to determine if any root resorption occurred during treatment. X-rays are also used to monitor the progress of treatment and ensure that all teeth are moving in the desired direction. X-rays are also used to check for any signs of infection or other complications.
Retainers After Orthodontic TreatmentRetainers are given after treatment to prevent relapse and if not used as directed, the risk of relapse is very high, especially immediately after removing the braces.
Retainers should be worn as directed by your orthodontist in order to maintain your new smile.